This is an HTML version of an attachment to the Freedom of Information request 'Documents describing probabilities considered in formulating the recommendation that adults under 60 years of age strongly consider getting vaccinated with AstraZeneca'.

Department References:  FOI 2917 
Mr James Nugent  
via email: 
Dear Mr Nugent 
I refer to your request to the Department of Health (the department) seeking access 
under the Freedom of Information Act 1982 (the FOI Act) to the following documents: 
any information on the probabilities that were considered in formulating the 
updated recommendation on 24 July that 'All individuals aged 18 years and 
above in greater Sydney, including adults under 60 years of age, should strongly 
consider getting vaccinated with any available vaccine including COVID-19 
Vaccine AstraZeneca.' 
In particular, what information did ATAGI consider in relation to the probability 
- developing TTS, 
- death after developing TTS, 
- catching covid before being vaccinated with AstraZeneca, 
- catching covid after being vaccinated with AstraZeneca, and 
- death after catching covid? 
Internal review – Charge 
On 1 October 2021, you requested the department waive the processing charge on 
the grounds of public interest, and you provided the following information in 
support of your request for waiver. 
I contend the charge should not be imposed on the basis of section 29(5)(b) of the 
FOI Act - that access to the document in question is in the general public interest 
or in the interest of a substantial section of the public. This is manifest, but if you 
need examples of public interest in this topic these articles should suffice: 


Internal Review Decision 
I am authorised under subsection 23(1) of the FOI Act to make decisions in relation 
to FOI requests, including requests for internal review of charges decisions.  
I am writing to notify you of my decision in response to your request for internal 
review of the department’s decisions to impose charges in relation to your FOI 
I have decided to waive the charge in relation to your FOI request.  
Information taken into account 
In making my decision, I had regard to the following: 
•  the scope of your request 
•  the content of the documents identified as falling within scope of your 
•  your contentions in your email of 1 October 2021 that the charge should be 
•  advice from departmental officers with responsibility for matters relating to 
the documents sought 
•  information received from the Office of the Australian Information 
Commissioner (OAIC) 
•  the relevant provisions of the FOI Act and the FOI Charges Regulations, 
•  the Guidelines issued by the OAIC under section 93A of the FOI Act (the 
FOI Guidelines). 
Grounds for reducing or waiving the charge 
Subsection 29(5) of the FOI Act requires a decision maker, in deciding whether or not 
to waive or reduce the charges, to take into account: 
•  whether paying the charge would cause financial hardship to the applicant, 
•  whether giving access to the documents is in the general public interest or 
in the interest of a substantial section of the public. 

Subsection 29(5) of the FOI Act does not limit the matters an agency may consider in 
making a decision on whether to impose or waive a charge.   
My findings of fact regarding reduction of waiver of the charge on the grounds of 
public interest, financial hardship and other considerations are set out separately 
Public Interest 
You have contended that the charges should be waived on public interest grounds, 
and have provided links to articles in which issues related to your FOI request have 
been canvassed. 
There is a difference between something that is ‘in the public interest’ and something 
that is ‘of interest to’ the public or some members of the public. For example, many 
issues that attract media attention and community interest have no bearing in the 
good order and functioning of the community and government affairs or the 
wellbeing of citizens.  
Paragraphs 4.105 to 4.107 of the FOI Guidelines relevantly provide as follows: 
The FOI Act requires an agency or minister to consider ‘whether the giving of 
access to the document in question is in the general public interest or in the 
interest of a substantial section of the public’ (s 29(5)(b)). This test is different to, 
and can be distinguished from, public interest considerations that may arise 
under other provisions of the FOI Act.  
Specifically, the public interest in s 29(5)(b) is different to the public interest test 
in s 11A(5) that applies to conditionally exempt documents. Nor will s 29(5)(b) 
be satisfied only by a contention that it is in the public interest for an individual 
with a special interest in a document to be granted access to it, or that an 
underlying premise of the FOI Act is that transparency is in the public interest.  
An applicant relying on s 29(5)(b) should identify or specify the ‘general public 
interest’ or the ‘substantial section of the public’ that will benefit from this 
disclosure (s 29(1)(f)(ii)). This may require consideration of both the content of 
the documents requested and the context in which their public release would 
occur. Matters to be considered include whether the information in the 
documents is already publicly available, the nature and currency of the topic of 
public interest to which the documents relate, and the way in which a public 
benefit may flow from the release of the documents. 
In addition, paragraph 4.97 of the FOI Guidelines provides as follows: 
Moreover, an agency or minister should always consider whether disclosure of a 
document will advance the objects of the FOI Act, even if the applicant has not 
expressly framed a submission on that basis. The objects of the FOI Act include 

promoting better informed decision making, and increasing scrutiny, discussion, 
comment and review of the Government’s activities (s 3). 
I am therefore satisfied that the charge should not be waived or reduced on public 
interest grounds. 
Please note that my decision on public interest goes only to the question of whether 
the charges should be imposed, and not to the issue of whether any relevant 
documents should ultimately be disclosed. 
Financial hardship 
You have not raised the issue of financial hardship or provided evidence to indicate 
that payment of the charge would cause you financial hardship.   
I find that the charge should not be waived or reduced on the grounds of financial 
Other considerations  
Subsection 29(5) of the FOI Act does not limit the matters an agency may consider in 
making a decision on whether to impose or waive a charge.  Having taken other 
matters I consider relevant to your request into account, I have decided to waive the 
charge on this occasion. 
I understand you sent your FOI request to an email address listed on the ‘Right To 
Know’ website.  Right to Know is a private entity that is not affiliated with the 
department and is not authorised to provide information or advice to individuals 
about the process for making FOI requests to the department or other 
Commonwealth entities. 
I have taken into account the delay in the commencement of processing of your FOI 
request resulting from your reliance on the incorrect information on the Right To 
Know website. 
For your information and future reference, section 15 of the FOI Act sets out the 
requirements for making a valid FOI request, and subsection 15(2A) lists the ways in 
which an FOI request can be submitted to a Commonwealth entity.   
Subsection  15(2A) of the FOI Act is in the following terms: 
The request must be sent to the agency or Minister. The request may be sent in any of 
the following ways: 
(a)  delivery to an officer of the agency, or a member of the staff of the 
Minister, at the address of any central or regional office of the agency or 
Minister specified in a current telephone directory; 
(b)  postage by pre-paid post to an address mentioned in paragraph (a); 

(c)  sending by electronic communication to an electronic address specified by 
the agency or Minister. 
Consistent with this legislative requirement, the FOI Guidelines published by the 
OAIC provide as follows: 
The department’s FOI internet page provides information about making FOI 
requests to the department, including information about how to submit an FOI 
request and the FOI Unit’s contact details.  The internet page also includes a link to 
an FOI application form for those who wish to use it:
The nominated email address for sending an FOI request to the department by 
electronic communication, as set out on the department’s website and in the 
department’s FOI application form, is via the email address  The 
department monitors this email box daily to ensure FOI related requests and queries 
are actioned as soon as possible, consistent with statutory timeframes set out in the 
FOI Act. 
I understand you sent your FOI request to an ATAGI email address.  The officers 
with access to that email box are working on high priority issues, including the 
government’s ongoing response to the current pandemic.  As a result, your email 
was not actioned for several weeks. 
Processing of your FOI request was delayed until the FOI Unit received your request 
on 23 August 2021 at the email address nominated by the department in accordance 
with subsection 15(2A) of the FOI Act. 

Effect of my decision  
As a consequence of this decision, you are not liable to pay the charge imposed in 
relation to your FOI request.  
In addition, the timeframe for providing a decision in response to your FOI request 
recommences on the day you receive this decision. 
FOI review rights 
If you are dissatisfied with my decision, under section 54L of the FOI Act, you may 
apply to the OAIC for review of my decision by the Information Commissioner (IC).  
In accordance with subsection 54S(1) of the FOI Act, an IC review application in 
relation to a decision covered by subsection 54L(2) (access refusal decisions) must be 
made in writing within 60 days after the day you are notified of this internal review 
More information about IC review is available on the OAIC website at: 
The OAIC can be contacted by: 
1300 363 992 
If you are dissatisfied with actions taken by the department, you may also make a 
Complaint to the department 
Complaints to the department are covered by the department’s privacy policy. A form 
for lodging a complaint directly to the department is available on the department’s 
Complaint to the IC 
Information about making a complaint to the IC about action taken by the 
department is available on the OAIC website:

Relevant provisions under the FOI Act 
The FOI Act and the FOI Charges Regulations, including the provisions referred to 
in this letter, can be accessed from the Federal Register of Legislation websites:  
If you require clarification of any of the matters discussed in this letter, you should 
contact the Freedom of Information Unit at  
Yours sincerely 
Stephen Bouwhuis 
General Counsel  
Legal Advice and Legislation  
11 October 2021