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  When a vacancy arises, there are a number of considerations that need to be made before 
recruitment action is taken, such as: 
    - is there is continuing need for the duties to be performed?  
    - have the duties have changed over time?  
    - is the current classification still appropriate having regard to the agency’s work level standards? 
    - can the duties be assigned to an existing employee on an ongoing or temporary basis? 
  Consideration also needs to be given to the aim of the selection exercise, which in turn will 
determine how the vacancy is advertised, and whether an order of merit is established, for 
example. Intended aims might include that it be: 
    - a one-off exercise to fill a single employment opportunity 
    - an exercise to enable similar employment opportunities to be filled from this process as they 
arise (in which case the agency would be looking to establish an order or merit)  
    - a bulk exercise to select several applicants for employment in different work areas, or to select 
applicants for employment at different classifications within a work area. 
  The outcome of an agency’s considerations around how a vacancy is likely to be filled will 
determine whether a competitive merit selection exercise is required in order to meet the 
minimum requirements for merit.  
competitive merit selection process refers to the assessment of the relative suitability of the 
candidates for the duties, the suitability of the candidate’s work-related qualities to the work-related 
qualities genuinely required for the duties, and the relative capacity of the candidates to achieve 
outcomes related to the duties.  
  The methods used by an agency head to assess the relative suitability of candidates is not 
prescribed by legislation, however the Commissioner’s Directions does require agency heads 
to put in place measures to ensure,  among other things, that the aim and purpose of the 
selection process is determined in advance and information about the process is readily 
available to applicants; the selection process is applied fairly in relation to each eligible 
applicant; and the selection process is transparent and appropriately documented.  
  The most common assessment method adopted by agencies is to establish a selection 
committee, which typically makes an initial assessment of the relative suitability of 
candidates based on written applications, which may lead to interviews of candidates 
considered worthy of further consideration. This may then be followed by obtaining of 
referee reports for those candidates still in contention, and the committee then makes a 
final recommendation for consideration by the agency head or their delegate.  

  Additional or alternative means of assessment are available, including assessment centres, 
and occupational testing, for example. 
Actions not requiring competitive merit-based selection: 
  Internal or external transfers on either a temporary or ongoing basis at or below level (or on 
a temporary basis at a level including a higher level), do not require a competitive selection 
process to be undertaken in order for merit to have been met.  
  For a decision to assign duties to an employee at or below level (or to assign duties at a 
higher level on a temporary basis) to be merit-based, it must be based on an assessment of 
the employee’s work-related qualities and the work-related qualities required for efficient 
and effective performance. 
  If the assignment of duties is a temporary assignment at a higher classification, 
consideration must also be given to the efficiency of the employee, the importance of the 
duties, the length and cost of the assignment and the opportunity to gain experience. 
Actions requiring competitive merit-based selection: 
  Ongoing engagement decisions 
  Promotion decisions 
    - For recruitment actions such as the promotion of an existing APS employee, or engagement of an 
ongoing or non-ongoing employee to be merit-based, a competitive merit-based selection is 
  The PS Act provides for a fair system of review of decisions taken in respect of APS 
employees’ employment and the application of merit (APS Employment Principle Section 
10(1)(a) - The APS is a career-based public service that makes fair employment decisions 
with a fair system of review. 
  Promotion decisions are appealable at the APS 1-6 levels. EL1 and EL2 levels and decisions 
made in accordance with the recommendation of an Independent Selection Advisory 
Committee (ISAC) are not reviewable. 
If the recruitment process is likely to result in the engagement or promotion of a person, then the 
agency must follow the Merit Principle.